THE SOCIAL LIFE OF THE MARINE MAMLUKS IN THE LEVANT(648 - 784 AH / 1250 - 1382 AD)
Our research explores the various social aspects of the Mamluks، specifically the marine ones، in the Levant, and the paths they took to take them to the Islamic world and the goal or purpose of bringing them and using them, and what the Islamic world has been exposedto in terms of external and even internal dangers, which increased the necessity to bring them, and then training them in martial arts, so that the caliphs and princes formed strong armies from them، to repel various attacks, whether internal or external and then how they control the government, and then the formation of a strong state that ruled for nearly three centuries، which appeared in the form of two states. The first Mamluk state, which was called the Turkish (Maritime) state, which we are going to talk about, and the second Mamluk state، which was called the Circassian (Burjia) which ruled during the period (784 - 923 AH). The research cheds light on the Levantine society and its divisions and the researchers differed in the way it was divided, it was a diverse society of classes and degrees, and on the basis of this diversity the way of life differed in its various aspects. The research sheds light on holidays, official and family occasions, then the status of Mamluk women and the accompanying contributions to different social life. Also, the study did not overlook the urban aspect,and the interest of the Mamluk sultans in building various institutions of places of worship such as Mosques, SUFI RBT and KHANQAH، and other important facilities of the state, we hope that we have presented an integrated study of a diverse and brief social life.
Keywords: Social Life, Mamelukes, Marine, Levant.