(THE ROOT OF THE GREAT VIZIER IN THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE UNTIL THE ERA OF SULTAN MUHAMMAD AL-FATEH 1429-1481)
The Ottoman Empire became a state with formal organizational structures. Therefore, the Ottoman Sultan Orhan Ghazi and his successor sultans were keen to fortify the Ottoman Empire with many institutions and political, economic and legal administrative positions to increase its strength in managing the affairs of the country and the people subject to it. Among the positions that the Ottoman sultans worked to establish within the framework of the Ottoman Empire, is the position of the Grand Vizier or the Grand Vizier, who corresponds to him in our time the Prime Minister, and the Grand Vizier was considered the highest position and shrines within the Ottoman Empire after the Sultan, as he carried the Grand Vizier the seal of absolute power to The side of the Sultan, and the authority to appoint and remove him was the right of the Sultan only, and no shrine, council, or court within the Ottoman Empire, whatever his authority and entity, could dismiss the Grand Vizier or demand that, even the matter that made that position of great impact on the Ottoman Empire.
Keywords: Grand Vizier, Sultan, Ottoman Empire, Muhammed El Fateh.