THE DRAFT NATIONAL POLICY AND ITS IMPACT ON STRENGTHENING CUSTOMS PROTECTION IN THE DOMINION OF CANADA 1873-1878
In 1873, a wave of economic depression swept across the entire North American continent, and it was one of those crises whose impact extended to several countries, as it did not originate in Canada and was not limited to its borders. The Dominion of Canada was less able to withstand industrial pressures than its neighbor, the United States of America, which The severity of the economic crisis increased significantly, and the policy of protection in that country did not give hope to the Canadian factory, so the crisis began to paralyze farmers, wood exporters, and others. That prompted John A. Macdonald (John A. Macdonald) to adopt a policy he called (the magic wand policy), to move the country and attract people to it again, so he put forward the idea (national policy), through which the subject of our research came (the national policy project and its impact on strengthening customs protection in Dominion of Canada 1873-1878), project knowledge and its impact on strengthening the economic situation in Canada. The research included an introduction, two axes and a conclusion. The first axis dealt with the Canadian Conservative Party's adoption of the draft national policy in 1873, while the second axis shed light on the 1876 elections and the implementation of the national policy and its impact on strengthening protection as a complex.
Keywords: Canada - National Policy Project - John Alexander Mcdonald - Customs Protection.