STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION A STUDY IN THE BOOKS OF ARAB HERITAGE
The discourse of introductions in the books of the Arab heritage is considered one of the introductory texts that has not received its share of critical studies in studying the text itself, as it represents a discourse that has a special structure that distinguishes it from other texts. He does not consider it an intermediary discourse between the originating book and its predecessors in the field of art itself, or between the author and a group of real and supposed recipients; Rather, it is a discourse that lies in its external structure and its internal components, technical, cognitive, and communicative functions. These introductions present the text to be conveyed to the recipient (the subject and material of the book); But it is not an excess of leftovers; It is above its structure linked to its cultural and historical pattern, and with the norms of the literary genre, it is an important mediation for the recipient that contributes to the way the text is received. The discourse of introductions in the literary heritage books has special verbal norms with argumentative and persuasive dimensions that are subject to discursive strategies that are directly and closely related to the traditions of the literary institution that are formed within cultural norms that soon turn into a system that forms a structural framework in general, in Arabic heritage is almost one preface. Literary books in particular. This research aims to study the discourse of introductions to literary heritage books through a set of models to reveal the general (mother) structure of those introductions, and the special structures (which appear through the models under study). Our study will be based on a set of these introductions in the literary heritage books; They are: Kitab al-Amali by Abu Ali al-Qali, Evidence of Miracles by Abd al-Qaher al-Jurjani, Uyun al-Akhbar by Ibn Qutayba al-Dinuri, Kitab al-Faraj after hardship for al-Tanukhi, and al-Mustajad from the verbs of a virtuous one, al-Tanukhi, Book of Controversies on the Commentary of Abu al-Tayyib al-Mutanabbi’s Diwan, Maqamat al-Hariri, Introduction by Ibn al-Muqaffa in Kalila wa Dimna, layers of theologian poets and among the advanced writers of Ibn Al-Moataz. In this study, we attempt to answer the following question: What are the structures that govern the discourse of introductions? What are the functions of this introductory letter?
Keywords: Speech, Heritage Books, Introductory Texts