EPISTIMOLOGICAL METHOD SCIENCE ENTRY TO THE CURRICULUM IN THE SOCIOLOGICAL FIELD OF SOCIAL SCIENC )RATIONALITY THE SCIENCE BY EMILE DHURKHEIM AND GASTON BACHLARD)
The scientific approach is the method used to study a particular topic to achieve a particular goal, which leads to revealing truth in social sciences, which is characterized by the rationality of the biological knowledge, as the total endeavors adopted by the researcher reveal in a broad sense his vision or approach to research, that this approach is not determined in a vague way. But it is based on well-thought-out and revised proposals that allow it to implement its steps rigorously with the help of tools and means to ensure its success, while at the same time the validity of the endeavor, that is, the way in which these two aspects, the approach and health, are interrelated. If the endeavor is not systematic, success will be only superficial or superficial. Eimel Dur Kayem identified the principles of the sociological approach in his study of social life and stressed that "social realities should be treated as things". This falls within the general framework of modern and contemporary rationality. Gaston Bachelard (1884-1962) considered it an Epistemological crisis that we should overcome, in other words, the events of the Epistemological rupture. Scientific curiosity motivates us to ask the following question: - What is the geomorphological nature of the scientific method in light of the sociological field of science?
Keywords: Épistémology, Scientific Method, Sociology.