EDUCATION CONDITIONS IN THE TURKISH REPUBLIC (HISTORICAL STUDY)
Attention to the educational sector is the most prominent pillar in the program for the advancement of developed countries, as the main role of the educational institution is to develop ideas, implement plans, and find outputs in the educational sector in a way that serves society and the government . Thus, the modern Turkish Republic, after its establishment at the hands of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, sought to modernize the state and carry out various reforms, and the aspect of education was one of those aspects that received attention, and this is evident in his speech in the city of Bursa, in which he stated ((The nation in which science is not practiced It has no place on the high road of civilisation, but our nation, with its true qualities, deserves to be—and will become—civilized and progressive. Accordingly, he brought about a series of changes, including the Education Standardization Law on March 3, 1924, the merging of education in 1924, the adoption of the Latin alphabet for the Turkish language instead of the Arabic language, and the opening of national schools in 1928, as well as the University Education Law on May 31, 1933, despite the challenges and crises Which Turkey faced, but was able to achieve that change, and this reflected positively on the institutions of the state and Turkish society, as it allowed keeping abreast of scientific developments and constantly updating its curricula, because its clear goal is to find efficient education that is an addition to the labor market.
Keywords: Situation, Education, Republic, Turkish.