CONFISCATIONS IN THE SELJUK ERA 447 AH/ 1055 AD- 590 AH / 1193 AD
This study aims to clarify the concept of confiscation, the equivalent terms for the meaning of confiscation, and explain the reasons for confiscations, categories of expropriations, methods of collecting them, and the consequences from frequent confiscations in the Seljuk state. Confiscations are among the interesting and arduous economic issues, due to the lack of historical material and its scattering in the sources. There is also a difficulty in linking this information so that it is difficult for the researcher to conclude in the economic conditions of that period. On the other hand, the importance of Confiscations lies in forming an image of the economic reality of the Seljuk state. Among the most results findings of the study is that the financial situation of the Sultanate Treasury was the precipitating factor for Confiscations for many sultans, especially during the period of conflict between members of the Seljuk house after the end of the period of great Sultans,and that the employers of jobs in the House of Caliphate were more confiscated than their counterparts in the Seljuk state, That is because they plotted with the Sultanate against the Abbasid Caliphate
Keywords: Total Quality Management, Crosby Principles, Boycotts, Boycotts.