Year:2023   Volume: 5   Issue: 5   Area:

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  3. ID: 898

Alhadj Mohamed ABDALLAH, Abu Bakr Abdel-Rahim MOHAMED


The planning and construction of ancient dwellings are the most attractive things, as they are ‎considered a picturesque civilization that one can experience. This demonstrates the ancient heritage ‎of these nations who worked and are among the historical origins of the archaeological world. The ‎different stages are basic elements of the study of archaeological science. They give us approximately ‎the true images of the history of ancient cities such as the period and manner of their constitution, as ‎well as those of the materials with which they were built. In this context, a similarity appears in the ‎contribution of the two heritages of the Sao and the canon in many aspects such as cultural and ‎industrial. The work thus appears in both and the researcher encounters certain problems which make ‎them tired of approaching in order to highlight their objective in the context of origins and references. ‎The process of creating cities, temples, forts and walls on the outskirts of everything on the four ‎cardinal points is intended for protection against attacks from external enemies, but the recognition of ‎the Sao and Canonical cities is also that of the existence of small autonomous towns independent of ‎each other; each having its own way of managing itself, without external intervention. The Phoenician ‎peoples discovered trade through their navigation of the oceans in a very ancient era due to the small ‎area of their cultivable land. In the meantime, the Sao people were preoccupied with agriculture and ‎the manufacture of metals and pottery based on fired ceramics and clay without commercializing it. ‎Thus, the Sao people and civilization is called The civilization of pottery (clay). Both civilizations are ‎represented by the mode of burial of their dead in rough pottery jars not showing the facial features in ‎their entirety, but orienting the face towards the sun. Thus, alluding to the power of the sun, they ‎make human sacrifices to repel epidemics and disasters, whether internal or external. This practice ‎shows their belief in resurrection after death, hence the burial of their dead with all the material ‎belonging to and having served the deceased before their death. The Canaanite civilization arrived in ‎Chad from different points; and different palpable evidence proves its existence in certain regions and ‎zones of Chad, particularly Sahelian including those of Abéché, Arada and its surroundings like the ‎effect of embers. The Sao people have mastered the technique of heating metals and the high ‎temperature that lead to the melting of iron, their specialty. The word Sao is of Amharic origin and ‎means “Human”. This people experienced unrest at the time of the ancient empire of 3500-2000 BC, ‎having motivated the people to obtain privileges long reserved for the pharaohs. Likewise, in the ‎middle dynasty of 2000 -1580 B.C., Pharaoh Amen Haout I from the south led wars against the Amalike ‎Arab tribes coming from Asia and expelled them in 1700 B.C. During these invasions and upheavals, the ‎Amalike tribes were able to invade Egypt and establish Dynasties ranging from the XIVth to the XVIIth. ‎Other views revealed that the Egyptians attempted to penetrate deep into the African continent along ‎the Nile to the Fourth Cataract. They would also have diverted access and incursion towards the Lake ‎Chad Basin through the ancient valleys on the left bank of the Nile‎.

Keywords: The Canaanite and Sawian Civilizations, Sao, So.