VISIOCONFERENSING TECHNOLOGY AND THE RIGHT TO A FAIR TRIAL
The diffusion of communication and information technologies and their great development in recent years have had a great impact on all aspects of life, including the justice sector, through what is called the electronic court or electronic dispute resolution. The intrusion of this technology in the area of justice has had great success, particularly with regard to the speed of dispute settlement, the reduction in the load of cases and their accumulation or the displacement of litigants before the courts. The videoconferencing technology adopted by the courts has led to a number of modifications in the working methods of the judge as well as in the rights of the parties, particularly in criminal matters. This technology has changed the characteristics of the traditional trial and affected the principles and guarantees of a fair trial.
Keywords: Traditional Trial, Video Conferencing Technology, Principles of Fair Trial, Rights of Defence, The Presence, The Public, Oral, The Right to Judge, Parties To The Case, Protection of Human Rights, Th