Year:2022   Volume: 4   Issue: 1   Area: Literature

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Muhammet ABAZOĞLU

THE ROLE OF THE DIVAN CLERKS AND POLITICAL LETTERS IN THE ‎DEVELOPMENT OF THE I. ABBASID PERIOD LITERATURE PROSE. AHMED BIN ‎YOUSSEF'S ALHAMIS RESSALA AS AN EXAMPLE‎

Divan Scribe is a very old profession and it is said that it was one of the highest and most ‎respected statures among worldly affairs, after the caliphate, when their positions in the state policy ‎and judicial affairs are taken into account. Most of the time, the profession of the Divan Scribe was ‎an important step to enter politics, as well as an important tool for reaching high positions such as ‎Vizier. In general, Divan Scribes had a special role serving the Arab culture during the Abbasid ‎period. Because the writing style of the Scribes had both lofty ideas and beautiful expression. As a ‎matter of fact, as required by their statures, these people developed a dual-character expression that ‎both emphasized the goals of the orders given from the administration and had the characteristics of ‎Arabic rhetoric in the literal sense of the word. Their language was not a dry administrative ‎language, on the contrary, it had brought together the requirements of the administrative language ‎and the artistic beauties of the word. This study sheds light on the relations of the Divan Scribes ‎with politics and the importance of this position during the Abbasid period. Again, in this study, the ‎connection of the art of scribe with the vizier and the contributions of the scribes in service to the ‎Arab-Islamic culture and especially in political thought are discussed despite the political crisis and ‎troubles faced by the scribes.‎

Keywords: Abbasid, Clerk, Divan, Ressala, Ahmed Bin Youssef.

http://dx.doi.org/10.47832/2717-8293.15.38


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