THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SULTAN ABDUL HAMID II AND MIDHAT PASHA (NOVEMBER 1876-FEBRUARY 1877)
At the beginning of the eighteenth century, the Ottoman Empire witnessed attempts to reform the political, economic, military, and social systems according to the European style. Reforms emerged clearly in the nineteenth century, resulting in a conflict between opponents and supporters of reform. Among the manifestations of that dispute was between Sultan Abdul Hamid II, who opposes reform, and Midhat Pasha, who supports reforms. The research was divided into an introduction, a conclusion, and three axes. The first axis dealt with the starting of the development of views between Sultan Abdul Hamid II and Midhat Pasha. As for the second one, it was the role of Midhat Pasha during the reign of Sultan Abdul Hamid II. While the third axis discussed the political position of Midhat Pasha after he was appointed as the (Grand Vizier). The research came out with a set of important conclusions.
Keywords: The Ottoman Empire, the politician, Medhat Pasha, Sultan Abdul Hamid.