Year:2022   Volume: 4   Issue: 6   Area:

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Shukria Kokiz AL-SARRAJ

THE PRESS TREATMENT OF THE VISIT OF

The importance of the research from a practical point of view lies in the fact that it presents a ‎set of statistics and data that give a clear picture of how the Iraqi newspapers (the subject of ‎the study) deal with the visit of "Pope Francis" to Iraq، and what are the most prominent ‎indicators and manifestations of that visit in promoting societal peace among the Iraqi public. ‎From a scientific point of view، the research provides another scientific addition to the media ‎library، especially with regard to journalistic treatments and methods of framing the Arab ‎international press for the subject of the visit، which could be a starting point for other ‎researchers to complete qualitative research in this field.‎ ‎ The research problem is how the Iraqi newspapers (the subject of the study) deal with Pope ‎Francis' visit to Iraq، identifying the questions it raised to the reader، and the extent of the ‎media material's contribution to the newspaper and its analyzes، to reveal and highlight the ‎issues of interest.‎ ‎ A main question for the research problem can be formulated as follows:‎ ‎ How did the Iraqi press handle Pope Francis' visit to Iraq?‎ ‎ Branching from this main question are sub-questions that can be identified as follows:‎ ‎1- What are the most important journalistic arts that dealt with the visit of "Pope Francis" to ‎Iraq?‎ ‎2- What kind of information sources did the Iraqi press use in dealing with Pope Francis' visit ‎to Iraq?‎ ‎3- What is the location of publishing the topics of Pope Francis' visit to Iraq in the two ‎newspapers Al-Ainah?‎ ‎4- What are the most prominent internal and external actors that the Iraqi press dealt with ‎while addressing the visit of "Pope Francis" to Iraq?‎ ‎5- What are the directions of content presentation of the press treatment of Pope Francis' ‎visit to Iraq?‎ ‎6- What are the most prominent types of journalistic treatments used in Pope Francis' visit to ‎Iraq?‎ ‎ 7- What is the impact of Pope Francis' visit on societal peace in Iraq?‎ ‎ 8- Did the visit have positive or negative repercussions on societal peace in Iraq?‎ ‎ 9- Was the media of its various types effective in handling and covering the visit?‎ ‎ 10- Which active forces were the most influential during the visit?‎ ‎11- What are the most influential dimensions of this visit in the societal peace in Iraq?‎ ‎12- How important is the role of Iraqi women in this visit?‎ Within the framework of the methodology، methods and research tools available to it، the ‎researcher seeks to achieve a number of scientific objectives related to the subject of the ‎research، including the following at the level of the analytical study:‎ 1. Getting to know how the Iraqi press handled the visit of "Pope Francis" to Iraq.‎ 2. Knowing the most important journalistic arts that dealt with the visit of "Pope Francis" to ‎Iraq 3. To identify the type of information sources adopted by the Iraqi press for the visit of ‎‎"Pope Francis" to Iraq.‎ 4. Knowing the location of publishing the topics of Pope Francis’ visit to Iraq in Al-Ainah ‎newspapers.‎ 5. Determining the most prominent internal and external actors dealt with by the Iraqi press ‎for the visit of "Pope Francis" to Iraq.‎ 6. Statement of the direction of the press treatment of Pope Francis' visit to Iraq.‎ 7. To identify the most prominent types of press treatments that were used in Pope Francis' ‎visit to Iraq.‎ ‎ As for the research objectives in the field study، they are as follows:‎ ‎ 1- Knowing the impact of Pope Francis' visit on societal peace in Iraq.‎ ‎ 2- Find out what the visit has achieved of positive or negative repercussions on societal peace ‎in Iraq?‎ ‎ 3- Recognizing the effectiveness of the various types of media in handling and covering the ‎visit.‎ ‎ 4- Exposing the most influential actors during the visit.‎ ‎ 5- Knowing the most influential dimensions of this visit in the societal peace in Iraq.‎ ‎ 6- Understand the importance of the role of Iraqi women in this visit.‎ ‎ The research community is represented in the following areas:‎ ‎ 1- The temporal domain: The researcher determined the temporal domain of her research by ‎specifying the visit of "Pope Francis" to Iraq، as the time period for analyzing the content ‎of the Iraqi press on the subject of the research was determined، as well as the units or ‎categories of analysis related to media treatment.‎ ‎ 2- Spatial domain: the researcher chose to analyze the content of the Iraqi press (Al-Sabah / ‎Al-Zaman).‎ ‎ 3- The human sphere: the human sphere is represented by a sample of the Iraqi elite، ‎represented by a sample of Baghdad University professors.‎ Among the most important results of the research are the following:‎ ‎ 1. The category of spreading a culture of societal peace has preceded the main (7) categories ‎of journalistic treatment of Pope Francis' visit to Iraq.‎ ‎ 2. The art of press news in the two newspapers of the sample got the first rank among (6) ‎journalistic arts used for the treatment under study.‎ ‎3. The highest frequencies in the press sources used in the press treatment (the press ‎representative) were collected in both newspapers.‎ ‎4. The positive trend prevailed over the presentation of the topics of Pope Francis' visit to ‎Iraq.‎ ‎ 5. The internal pages have progressed from the first and last pages in publishing the topics of ‎the visit.‎ ‎6. The Iraqi government represented the internal and external actors in handling the two ‎newspapers for the visit.‎ ‎7. The explanatory treatment ranked first in the two newspapers of the sample in its ‎journalistic treatment of the visit.‎ ‎ 8. Pope Francis' visit had a great impact on societal peace in Iraq.‎ ‎ 9. The visit achieved its positive repercussions by (89%) on the Iraqi society.‎ ‎10. The sample confirmed that the timing of the visit was very appropriate for the stage in ‎Iraq.‎ ‎11. The sample confirmed that the Iraqi media of all kinds and trends were active during the ‎visit.‎ ‎12. The name of the pilgrimage to Ur was presented above the rest of the names given to ‎Pope Francis' visit to Iraq.‎ ‎13. The respondents indicated that the religious authority in Najaf Al-Ashraf was one of the ‎effective forces for the success of the visit.‎ ‎ 14. The sample confirmed that women have priority and an active role in Pope Francis' ‎conversations during the visit‎.

Keywords: Journalism.. Treatment.. Societal Peace

http://dx.doi.org/10.47832/2717-8293.20.24


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