THE POSITION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA ON THE POLITICAL DEVELOPMENTS IN IRAN (1939-1955)
The features of Iran’s importance in the American strategy emerged during the first stage of World War II, after Nazi Germany invaded the Soviet lands and turned it into an important transit point for weapons, materiel, foodstuffs and logistical support from the allies of the Soviet Union. Thus, the latter, along with Britain, had to issue more than one warning to the government of Reza Shah Pahlavi in order to expel the Germans on Iranian soil. When the Shah refused the Soviet-British warnings, he was removed from the throne and his son was installed in his stead. The British and Soviet forces occupied large areas of Iran, and the American war effort joined them to make Iran one of the countries under foreign occupation. and by virtue of its importance, a conference was held in it Known as the (Tehran) Conference in 1943 which attended by the leaders of the United States of America, represented by President Franklin Roosevelt, President of the Soviet Union Joseph Stalin, and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill. Key words:
Keywords: American strategy, Iran, World War II.