THE IMPACT OF METHODS OF PREVENTION OF ENVY IN THE CONSOLIDATION OF SUPERSTITIONS AMONG THE ARABS BEFORE ISLAM، IRAQ AS A MODEL
The Iraqi civilization in the pre-Islamic eras inherited the beliefs and concepts of the ancient Sumerian, Babylonian and Assyrian civilizations that preceded it, as it was taken from the unseen thought - in magic, envy and sorcery - that was prevalent in the Arabian Peninsula, until the community of modern Iraqi civilization became ideological, stemming from An ancient civilization, and its neighboring civilizations. The ancient Iraqis believed in envy, and they tried to remove that fear and anxiety from it, because of their belief in the destructive effect on them, especially the preparations of their minds in revealing the scientific reasons behind a strong human being, and their inability to know secrets, without having a reason to be wrapped in other reasons, moved their priests. And their masters of charlatans, to invent superstitious ways and methods, printing their cultural reality, and in harmony with their religious thought, so they used spells and magical rituals, to control the envious eye, and they carried precious stones and amulets and beads and fortified several behaviors in order to distract the envious eye and ward off its danger from them.
Keywords: Civilization of Iraq, Doctrine, Superstition, Envy, Amulets.