THE DIVIDED BERLIN: A STUDY OF THE NATURE OF WEST BERLIN'S RELATIONSHIP WITH THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY 1949 -1969
The significance of the research come from the truth that Berlin formed one of the important hotbeds of controversy in the clash between the Soviet Union and the Western allies in the context of the Cold War. As a result, the Quadruple administration of the city that has been approved in 1944 has scattered. This is the matter that drive it to enter in the tunnel of its first crisis for the period (1998-1999) and the subsequent division of Germany and the emergence of the two Germans in 1949, so both countries claimed the ownership of Berlin to it. The Federal Republic of Germany specified in Article 23 of its Constitution issued in 1949, that the city is part of the Federal Republic of Germany, while Article Two of the Constitution of the German Democratic Republic issued in 1949 set Berlin as its capital. Therefore, Berlin was divided as a result into two sectors, eastern under the administration of the German Democratic Republic, which took East Berlin as its capital, and a western sector under the administration of the Allied powers, which were not willing to integrate Berlin into the Federal Republic of Germany as an original state. However, it did not object that West Berlin being linked administratively and financially, as well as the application of the legislation of the Federal Republic of Germany after the approval of the city's parliament. The aims of the research are represent to identify the aims of the Allied powers behind the isolation of Berlin from Germany and the nature of the relationship that links Berlin with the Federal Republic of Germany. As for the problematic, it stemmed from the nature of the controversy surrounding the legality of the measurements taken by the Federal Republic of Germany in applying its legislation and laws to the western part of Berlin and the political, economic and social effects that they had. The research had divided into an introduction, four pivots and a number of conclusions. The first pivot concerns with the basic legal position of Berlin, the second pivot included the representation of Berlin in the federal government, and the third topic sheds light on the application of legislation and treaties held by the Federal Republic of Germany to Berlin, and the fourth pivots concluded with administrative and financial relations between the Federal Republic of Germany and Berlin.
Keywords: Berlin, Allies, Federal Germany