THE CONTROVERSY OF ROOTING AND CONTRASTING ONE-LETTER FORMATIONS
The concept of rooting and renewal in Arabic calligraphy is linked to the calligrapher’s need to show new aesthetic methods, through formations and calligraphic structures based on a single letter. The perceptual vision of the calligrapher, so this research was concerned with studying the rooting and renewal of the rule of the single letter in the formations of Arabic calligraphy in particular, which included four chapters, the first chapter included the research problem, its importance, objectives, limits and definition of its terms. As for the second chapter, it deals with tracing the concept of rooting and renewal and its connection with the artist and the possession of the idea and the ability to technical aesthetic expression, through the one-letter linear formations made by calligraphers, relying on the spatial organization and choosing the appropriate letter for the composition. The analysis concluded with a number of results that were devoted to the fourth chapter, which showed rooting, renewal, acceptance of decorative and different aesthetic formations in structural structures, and investing some characteristics of letters to arrange and divide the linear structure into creative forms and structures.
Keywords: Contrasting, Formations, Renewal.