SOVEREIGNTY, REPRESENTATION, AND THEIR EFFECT ON POLITICAL PERFORMANCE A COMPARATIVE STUDY BETWEEN MALAYSIA AND IRAQ
In light of the regional and international changes, the need for more in-depth studies of the concepts of sovereignty and representation appeared, especially in countries that adopt democratic frameworks in their political system. The topic of the conference is of great importance in bringing historical lessons from the experience of the Turkish National Assembly, in which sovereignty was of utmost importance and priority within the framework of its political and legal work, as well as the right to real representation of the people's opinion, aspirations and real aspirations away from governmental or politicized representation according to the wishes of the ruler. In recent times, the concept of sovereignty has become the forefront of many news bulletins, newspaper headlines, and media articles, as a result of the continuous violations of a number of regional and major states to the sovereignty of states without reference to international or local laws. Therefore, studying these concepts in a more in-depth and more realistic way has become a broad scientific requirement. This research deals with the concepts of sovereignty and representation in the constitution and laws and their practical applicable effect in both Malaysia and Iraq through a comparative study to clarify the results that resulted from the application and the development, modernization and international standing reached by the two countries in a clear scientific comparison. The researcher relied on many political and historical sources in both countries by virtue of the researcher's specialization in the Malaysian modernization experience, and adopted the historical and political research methodology with statistics, pictures and a special Iraqi questionnaire related to the recent demonstrations. The research plan included its division into topics, the first dealt with the study of concepts of sovereignty and representation in domestic and international laws, while the second was concerned with studying the issue of sovereignty and representation in Malaysia at the level of the constitution and political performance, and the third was concerned with the study of sovereignty and representation in Iraq historically since the inception of the Iraqi state as well as the Iraqi constitution For the year 2005 and their impact on the political performance from 2005-2019.
Keywords: Iraq, Malaysia, Sovereignty, Representation, Constitutions