SOCIAL AND HUMANITARIAN OBSTACLES TO REMOTE WORK UNDER CONVENTION NO. 177 OF 1996 AND COMPARATIVE LABOR LAWS
Remote work has brought about a radical change in the traditional work environment because of its advantages that are not limited to the worker only, but extend to include the employer and society as a whole, in order to eliminate barriers and geographical distances between the worker and the employer, as well as to change the concept of the worker in his home from the traditional worker, which is what The independence of work from spatial ties, so the business moved from its spatial field to its human field, which directly affected the labor market and the performance of labor organizations. However, remote work has collided with a number of social and humanitarian obstacles, including the social problem of occupational safety and health, especially since the implementation of the remote work contract takes place under conditions that may not be prepared for him or suitable for work, for the worker implements the remote work contract in his home, which may expose him to occupational diseases or work accidents and to injury as a result of stress or road accidents, and this constitutes an obstacle to the privacy of remote work, especially since the protection of remote workers is no longer limited to protecting their bodies in the face of industrial machines and machines as in the nineteenth century, with Technological advances in the media and communications have emerged as new work risks to workers, whether in their use of this technology through computers and what may cause them as a result of prolonged use and what exposes them to other new injuries while doing work or because of it. Women working remotely, compared to traditional work and its reflection on issues of discrimination and equality, on the one hand, on the other hand, telework was considered a cover for the work of children and those under the legal working age This led to a noticeable increase in child labor, and remote work constituted an excellent way of living for people with special needs, despite the intention of some employers to prejudice their wages and to discriminate between them and the traditional worker in several respects. In our research, we adopted the descriptive analytical approach as a platform for launching, with a statement of the position of the Iraqi legislator in the effective Iraqi Labor Law No. 37 of 2015 and the Iraqi Social Security Law No. 39 of 1971. We divided the research into two sections, dealing with the first topic: the social obstacles to remote work, and the second topic, the humanitarian obstacles to remote work were reviewed.
Keywords: Work, The Worker, Social Obstacles, Human Obstacles, Traditional Work