Year:2021   Volume: 3   Issue: 1   Area: Religious sciences

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Prof. Azza Adnan Ahmed EZZAT


General linguistics study (phonology, morphology, grammar, syntax, and semantics), as for our study, it dealt with that as a whole; Because we believe that it is useless to separate it in order to uncover the rhetoric of the text, starting with the effect of the sounds in the voice and rhythm in terms of their numbers, qualities, letters exits, and phonemic syllables, within the effect of abstract morphological formulas and augmenting their various connotations in harmony with the grammatical structures and methods, and ending with the meaning of used expressions instead of their synonyms in which the sounds and formulas change, Through the percentage of the qualities of the sounds and phonemes, and we showed their effect on the meaning and context, to come out with an unquestionable result: Every sound, every word, every form, and every combination was not arbitrarily mentioned in the surah. Because we found that none of them did not contradict the other, but supported it and increased its strength, and it is nice for the meaning to be drawn sometimes in the form of the mouth when uttering the sound, as in the whispered voice of (Seen) that is repetitively repeated in the breaks of the verses, it is a voice that a person cannot utter while he is open-mouthed Its repetition in the surah is in harmony with the whispered whispers with which the people of crimes and intrigues are afraid, and the low percentage of the strong voices expresses the removal of distress, worry and distress, and the extension of the wav sound in the word (I seek refuge) is proportional to the shape of the mouth when blowing after seeking refuge. As for the high or low percentage of phonemic syllables in harmony with meaning and context, it appears, for example, in the fourth and fifth verses, as for the decrease in the percentage of the open syllable in the fourth verse ("From the evil of the whisperer who withdraws) to (0%). So, it harmonizes with the lack of rapid movement, and depicts the whisperer with its dysfunction and its stillness with its movement, because the rapid movement does not correspond to the whisperer, this is supported purely by the use of the form of exaggeration (active), which depicts the exaggeration of the obsessive chicks. On the other hand, we see the increase in movement and its speed, with the increase in the percentage of open syllables in the fifth verse (Who whispers in the breasts of mankind) to (41.6%) with the use of the verb waswasah in the present tense that used to show repetition, so the percentage of open syllables in both short and long forms increased to (66.6%) and that is the highest proportion of these two sections in the surah. Because this movement is what is excluded from it

Keywords: Seeking Refuge, Al-Nas Surah, Phonology.