RECONSTRUCTION OF AIN ARAFA IN MAKKAH AL MUKARRAMAH IN THE TENTH CENTURY AH / SIXTEENTH CENTURY AD BETWEEN THE MECCAN SOURCES AND THE OTTOMAN DOCUMENTS COMPARATIVE HISTORICAL STUDY
Importance: This study aims to make a comparison about the procedures for the reconstruction of Ain Arafa in Makkah Al-Mukarramah between the Meccan historical sources and the Ottoman documents that synchronize and document the event, and conclude the relationships and links between the two sides of the study. The study dealt with the historical establishment and geographical location of Ain Arafa, and then the reconstruction of this eye in the tenth century AH, sixteenth century AD, comparison, analysis and interpretation; To access the common characteristics between them. Objectives of the study: 1-The study contributes to deducing the relationships and links between the components of historical texts from the Meccan sources and the texts of the Ottoman documents synchronized with the event that the researcher is comparing. 2-The study is concerned with the analysis and interpretation of the procedures for the reconstruction of Al-Ain between the historical and documentary sources; To access the common characteristics between them.
Keywords: Makkah Al-Mukarramah, Ain Arafa, historical sources, Ottoman documents, Ain Zubeida.