Year:2021   Volume: 3   Issue: 1   Area: Language Teaching

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  3. ID: 86

Dr. Huda Shaaban Hassan AHMED

OPTIMISM AS A MEDIATOR VARIABLE OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SOCIAL SUPPORT AND HAPPINESS IN CHRONIC RENAL FAILURE

Chronic Renal Failure(CRF) is the end-stage of chronic kidney disease. Optimism may play a very important role in helping patients adapt better to their life. This study aims to explore the role of optimism as a moderator variable of the relationship between social support and happiness in a sample of patients with(CRF) in Upper Egypt. Methods: This cross-sectional study, 188 participants (94 patients with CRF, and 94 healthy persons)completed questionnaires assessing optimism , social support, and happiness. Results: The demographic characteristics showed that the sample of patients with CRF(n=94) male(55.3%) females(44.7%) and the ages of the patients ranged between 20 and 76 year. There were positive correlation levels between optimism and happiness(r= .736, p<0.01). Social support correlated with happiness(r= −.393, p<0.01) and optimism scores(r=− .415, p=< 0.01). Optimism was found to be a partial mediator variable, the total effect of social support on happiness (Sobel=3.974, p=0.003). In addition to our results revealed differences that were statistically significant between patients with CRF and healthy persons in optimism(p value=0.001) and happiness(p value=0.05) towards healthy persons but without differences in social support between them. Optimism can act as a mediator variable in the relationship between social support and happiness in patients of CRF. Improving optimism may help in coping with a patient's burden and better happiness. Also, the study confirmed that healthy persons had higher optimism and happiness more than patients with CRF but without differences between them as regards social support

Keywords: Chronic Renal Failure, moderator variable, Optimism, Social support, Happiness.

http://dx.doi.org/10.47832/2717-8293.1-3.28


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