The public debate on the language of instruction in public education in Morocco was characterized by intellectual and political confrontations that affected the linguistic issue, identity, public education crisis and other issues. It has concentrated on two main streams, one of which fiercely defends the policy of Arabization, and another believes that this policy, in particular ,is first and foremost responsible for the failure of the educational system and the deterioration of its quality. These political and ideological confrontations are a continuation of a long-standing struggle between conflicting choices in the field of linguistic politics, which have extensions and roots in the field of the general ideological struggle between the approaches and trends that used to enter battles over the nature of Social projects, and to determine the type of cultural references that are assigned to .
This study attempts to help the reader learn more about "language war" by retrieving the most important arguments that were faced , and clarifying the ideological and political stakes involved in the raging debates about linguistic policy and managing its current crisis in Moroccan public education.
Keywords: Linguistic Policy, Linguistic Market, Language War, Public Education, Identity, Arabization, Language of Instruction.