The importance of this research is that it deals with the issue of criminal mediation, which is a method by which some disputes are resolved and an end to criminal follow-up. This method is considered one of the means of dealing with the phenomenon of simple crime in a smooth manner that distances the grudge and hatred between the offender and the victim. mediation between the offender and the victim takes in many ways agreed upon by both parties. Reconciliation in general and mediation in particular result in the consolidation of social peace and the removal of resentment and hatred between members of the same community.
The Algerian legislator was interested in measures of a conciliatory nature, as he devoted an entire chapter to mediation.
Mediation does not detract from the value of the judicial authority, as it is conducted under its supervision and control. It also saves time, effort and price for the offender and the victim, and for justice to take care of the most complex cases.
Keywords: Criminal Mediation, Public Action, Conciliation, Reconciliation, Mediation Procedures.